It was in the last century when Australian sheep farmers were in need of a special type of working dog that could work the sheeps on the outback properties and under hot climate conditions that the Australian Kelpie came into existence. Various breeds of sheep dogs from Europe and the UK had proven too heavily coated to cope and adapt to the severe Australian climate.

The Australian Kelpie was an invented breed that came from two black and tan, short-coated and pointed-eared Collies that were imported in the 1860s. They have been exported to many countries and had been successfully used to manage a variety of stock, like reindeer, goats, and cattle. They have been known to have a natural instinct and aptitude for the working of sheep, and are renowned for the way in which they run over the sheep’s backs.

Temperament and appearance

Australian Kelpies are tough, independent, highly intelligent dogs with extreme loyalty and utmost devotion to duty, and have a tractable disposition. Obedient and super alert, the Australian Kelpie is eager to please and makes a devoted companion, however, their inexhaustible energy makes them unsuitable for suburban living.

Australian Kelpie’s coat comes in attractive colourings of black, black and tan, red, red and tan, fawn, chocolate and smoke blue.


Up to 16 years of age.

Grooming and care

Australian Kelpie has short and weather-resistant coat, minimal grooming is required.

Exercise and training

Australian Kelpie needs plenty of exercise, and becomes frustrated and bored if cooped up for long periods of time. They idolise their owners and will do anything for them. They are always ready for a game, but their high activity levels make supervision around young children necessary.

Health concerns

For the latest research in breed-related problems in Australian Kelpie, visit the website.